current research topics in animal biotechnology

New content alerts RSS. This field builds on advances in biotechnology, and currently informs food science of protein-containing products such as milk and eggs, as well as tissue-based foods such as meat and fish. Yet despite these potential benefits, several areas of concern exist around the use of b… 3. Under the umbrella of genetic engineering exist other technologies, such as transgenics and cloning, that also are used in animal biotechnology. The subsequently produced protein then can be removed from the host and used as a genetically engineered product in humans, other animals, plants, bacteria or viruses. The Prevention Measures in Plant Pathology 7. For reproductive cloning, the embryo is implanted into a uterus of a surrogate female, where it can develop into a live being. November 23, 2020. Another food safety issue, bioactivity, asks, “Will putting a functional protein like a growth hormone in an animal affect the person who consumes food from that animal?” The FDA approves these drugs only after information and/or studies have shown that the food from the treated animals is safe for people to eat, and that the drugs do not harm the treated animal or the environment. Instead, the initiative is committed to providing information and encouraging dialogue so consumers and policy-makers can make their own informed decisions. Some modern theologians even see biotechnology as a challenging, positive opportunity for us to work with God as “co-creators.”. And in a Gallup poll conducted in May 2004, 64 percent of Americans polled said they thought it was morally wrong to clone animals. View Animal biotechnology Research Papers on Academia.edu for free. Gene splicing is used to introduce one or more genes of an organism into a second organism. Animal Biotechnology covers the identification and manipulation of genes and their products, stressing applications in domesticated animals. Those opposed to using the patent system for animal biotechnology have suggested using breed registries to protect intellectual property. In 2015, the FDA determined that AquAdvantage Salmon meets the statutory requirements for safety and effectiveness under the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act. It still is unclear how the agency’s provisions will be interpreted for animals and how multiple agencies will work together in the regulatory system. Probiotics are used as a means to improve animal health and intestinal development. These enzymes cut the DNA strands of any organism at precise points. Top; About this journal. The agency’s strict confidentiality provisions and lack of an environmental mandate in the FDCA also are concerns. The company has collected plasma from some of the recovered patients in the Wuhan city of China and developed therapeutic products that include convalescent plasma and immune globulin. Other questions must be answered first, such as, “What substances expressed as a result of the genetic modification are likely to remain in food?” Despite these questions, the National Academies of Science (NAS) released a report titled Animal Biotechnology: Science-Based Concerns stating that the overall concern level for food safety was determined to be low. Biotechnology News. Ross Harrisson made the beginning of animal tissue culture technique in 1907 using frog tissue. Animals are used in many ways in biotechnology. Finally, concern exists about the toxicity of unintended expression products in the animal biotechnology process. Open Access Journals gaining more Readers and Citations700 Journals and 15,000,000 Readers Each Journal is getting 25,000+ Readers. The government agencies involved in the regulation of animal biotechnology, mainly the Food and Drug Administration (FDA), likely will rule on pending policies and establish processes for the commercial uses of products created through the technology. As of May 27, 2016, under the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act, the FDA can only require additional labeling of foods derived from Genetically Engineered sources if there is a material difference – such as a different nutritional profile – between the GE product and its non-GE counterpart. Future of biotechnology in medicine. 4. Strict opponents think there is something fundamentally immoral about the processes of transgenics and cloning. When animals are genetically engineered for biomedical research purposes (as pigs are, for example, in organ transplantation studies), their care and use is carefully regulated by the Department of Agriculture. In effect, God has created a perfect, natural order, they say, and it is sinful to try to improve that order by manipulating the basic ingredient of all life, DNA. Some people, however, are opposed ethically to the patenting of life forms, because it makes organisms the property of companies. Biotechnology is an evolving research field that covers a broad range of topics. That event marked the beginning of recombinant DNA technology, or genetic engineering. Biotechnology provides new tools for improving human health and animal health and welfare and increasing livestock productivity. Thus, there also is concern that genetically engineered organisms will escape and reproduce in the natural environment. Hot topics in animal science and production. Natural Disease Resistance in Plants 6. When choosing a research topic, you should be considering your interests, the interests of the readers/ audience, the impact of the topic, the current state of knowledge in the field, recent advances related to the topic (e.g. The labeling for each product provides all instructions for safe and effective use and is approved by FDA. Open access. Journal of Bioprocessing & Biotechniques, Journal of Molecular and Genetic Medicine, Biology and Medicine, Journal of Advanced Chemical Engineering, Animal Biotechnology, African Journal of Biotechnology, Current Pharmaceutical Biotechnology, Critical Reviews in Biotechnology and Reviews in Environmental Science and Biotechnology, Asian Journal of Microbiology Biotechnology and Environmental Sciences. Male Pregnancy Among Animals 3. Depending on how the future will unfold, today’s progress in biotechnology research has greater or lesser potential to be the basis of subsequent innovation. .. The topics listed below are a presentation of easy biology research topics for you 1. Editor-in-Chief: Prof. Dr. Atanas Atanasov, Ph.D. View editorial board. Yet despite these potential benefits, several areas of concern exist around the use of biotechnology in animals. Proteins, including enzymes and hormones, perform many vital functions in organisms. Animals. Human pharmaceutical proteins include enzymes, clotting factors, albumin and antibodies. Lincoln Laboratory establishes Biotechnology and Human Systems Division . If, for example, a small amount of genetic material from a fish is introduced into a melon (in order to allow it grow to in lower temperatures), does that melon become “fishy” in any meaningful sense? Will the animal become established in the environment? There also is a concern that proteins designed to produce a pharmaceutical product in the animal’s milk might find their way to other parts of the animal’s body, possibly causing adverse effects. On average, it takes seven to nine years and an investment of about $55 million to develop, test and market a new genetically engineered product. In fact, some Christians support animal biotechnology, saying the Bible teaches humanity’s dominion over nature. The Journal intends to publish articles of Multidisciplinary nature and developments in different disciplines of Bioscience and Biotechnology. In 1988, the first patent was issued on a transgenic animal, a strain of laboratory mice whose cells were engineered to contain a cancer-predisposing gene. Since the early 1980s, transgenic animals have been created with increased growth rates, enhanced lean muscle mass, enhanced resistance to disease or improved use of dietary phosphorous to lessen the environmental impacts of animal manure. They believe a compelling need should exist for the genetic modification of animals and that we should not use animals only for our own wants and needs. Scientists use reproductive cloning techniques to produce multiple copies of mammals that are nearly identical copies of other animals, including transgenic animals, genetically superior animals and animals that produce high quantities of milk or have some other desirable trait. According to a survey conducted by the Pew Initiative on Food and Biotechnology, 58 percent of those polled said they opposed scientific research on the genetic engineering of animals. Such religious requirements raise basic questions about the identity of animals and their genetic makeup. View aims and scope. All manuscript submissions are subject to initial appraisal by the Editor, and, if found suitable for further consideration, to … The Department of Agriculture (USDA) provides leadership on food, agriculture, natural resources and related issues through public policy, the best available science and efficient management. This especially is true because researchers and developers worry the future market success of any products derived from cloned or genetically engineered animals will depend partly on the public’s acceptance of those products. It also is expected that technologies will continue to be developed in the field, with much hope for advances in the use of animal organs in human transplant operations. It is this technology that creates a possible source of replacement organs for humans. Related Journals of Animal biotechnology Concerns surrounding the use of animal biotechnology include the unknown potential health effects to humans from food products created by transgenic or cloned animals, the potential effects on the environment and the effects on animal welfare. Some aspects of animal production have become "hot topics." Animal biotechnology clearly has its skeptics as well as its outright opponents. 1.487 ... Advanced search. Currently, the pig is the major animal being considered as a viable organ donor to humans. Such techniques include crossing diverse strains of animals (known as hybridizing) to produce greater genetic variety. Individual genes direct an animal’s characteristics through the production of proteins. While food allergens are not a new issue, the difficulty comes in how to anticipate these adequately, because they only can be detected once a person is exposed and experiences a reaction. Another major concern surrounding the use of animal biotechnology is the potential for negative impact to the environment. Consequently, nearly all researchers involved in animal biotechnology are protecting their investments and intellectual property through the patent system. All rights reserved. Transgenic poultry, swine, goats and cattle that generate large quantities of human proteins in eggs, milk, blood or urine also have been produced, with the goal of using these products as human pharmaceuticals. They liken it to “playing God.” Moreover, they often oppose animal biotechnology on the grounds that it is unnatural. Submit an article. For some people, these technologies are considered blasphemous. Current Topics in Biotechnology Edited By C.P. Topics. Cellular agriculture is the emerging field of producing animal products from cell culture, rather than animals. Current Research in Biotechnology is an international peer reviewed journal devoted to publishing original research and short communications resulting from research in Analytical biotechnology, Plant biotechnology, Food biotechnology, Energy biotechnology, Environmental biotechnology, Systems biology, Nanobiotechnology, Tissue, cell and pathway engineering, Chemical biotechnology, and … On the other hand, those in favor of mandatory labeling argue labeling is a consumer “right-to-know” issue. Biotechnology improves the food we eat - meat, milk and eggs. It will publish review articles, original research papers, method papers and short articles in Biological research fields. The hormone is extracted from the bacterium, is purified and is injected into dairy cows, increasing their milk production by 10 to 15 percent. Transgenics (also known as recombinant DNA) is the transferal of a specific gene from one organism to another. This method continues to be used today. Of the transgenic animals that do survive, many do not express the inserted gene properly, often resulting in anatomical, physiological or behavioral abnormalities. In addition, if federal funds are used to support the research, the work further is regulated by the Public Health Service Policy on Humane Care and Use of Laboratory Animals. Animal biotechnology has many potential uses. The potential benefits of animal biotechnology are numerous and include enhanced nutritional content of food for human consumption; a more abundant, cheaper and varied food supply; agricultural land-use savings; a decrease in the number of animals needed for the food supply; improved health of animals and humans; development of new, low-cost disease treatments for humans; and increased understanding of human disease. Current issue Browse list of issues Explore. The donor DNA can be introduced directly into an organism by techniques such as injection through the cell walls of plants or into the fertilized egg of an animal. If a product of animal biotechnology has been proven scientifically by the FDA to be safe for human consumption and the environment and not materially different from similar products produced via conventional means, these individuals say it is unfair and without scientific rationale to single out that product for labeling solely because of the process by which it was made. Whether products generated from genetically engineered animals should be labeled is yet another controversy surrounding animal biotechnology. Weedy and Invasive Plants 8. In addition, some of the biotechnology techniques in use today are extremely inefficient at producing fetuses that survive. The NAS report stated it still needs be proven that the nutritional profile does not change in these foods and that no unintended and potentially harmful expression products appear. Two main areas of debate focus on the welfare of animals involved and the religious issues related to animal biotechnology. Immunity and Stress 10. The major factor limiting the widespread use of transgenic animals in agricultural production systems is their relatively inefficient production rate (a success rate of less than 10 percent). This transferring of genes alters the characteristics of the organism by changing its protein makeup. Instead, the donor DNA must be cut and pasted, or recombined, into a compatible fragment of DNA from a vector — an organism that can carry the donor DNA into the host. In this use, the introduced genetic construct is considered the “drug.” This lack of concrete regulatory guidance has produced many questions, especially because the process for bringing genetically engineered animals to market remains unknown. Transgenic animals can pose problems for some religious groups. Citation search. Current Research in Biotechnology. The resulting transgenic carp produce both carp and rainbow trout growth hormones and grow to be one-third larger than normal carp. Another example is the use of transgenic animals to clone large quantities of the gene responsible for a cattle growth hormone. Issues like animal welfare and food safety gain public and government interest. USDA plays a vital role in facilitating scientific discoveries and technological innovation to ensure the availability of a safe, nutritious, and abundant food supply. Specific areas of interest include, but are not limited to: Agricultural biotechnology ; Animal biotechnology Those opposed to the concept say it is a clear sign we have gone too far in changing that animal. Related topics also are searchable, including animal breeding, genetics and many others. Study tracks elephant tusks from 16th century shipwreck. Read the latest research from around the world on genetic engineering, drug development and more. Subscribe. The goal is to make products, to improve animals and to develop microorganisms for specific agricultural uses. The potential benefits of animal biotechnology are numerous and include enhanced nutritional content of food for human consumption; a more abundant, cheaper and varied food supply; agricultural land-use savings; a decrease in the number of animals needed for the food supply; improved health of animals and humans; development of new, low-cost disease treatments for humans; and increased understanding of human disease. Current Research in Biotechnology topics covered include "core" biotechnology disciplines such as genetic and molecular engineering; plant and animal biotechnology; food biotechnology; energy biotechnology; environmental biotechnology; and tissue, cell and pathway engineering. © 2006–2020 North Carolina Association for Biomedical Research. Unfortunately, pig cells and human cells are not immunologically compatible. The National Institute of Food and Agriculture is part of the USDA; its site contains information about the science behind animal biotechnology and a glossary of terms. Animal health related resources, including animal diseases, animal management, and animal health research. As defined in the scopes of the journals Current Research in Biotechnology and Current Opinion in Biotechnology, major themes of biotechnology research include genetic and molecular engineering; tissue, cell, and pathway engineering; plant and animal biotechnology; food biotechnology; energy biotechnology; environmental biotechnology; analytical biotechnology; systems biology; … In 1977, genes from other organisms were transferred to bacteria, an achievement that led eventually to the first transfer of a human gene. Camouflage Mechanism in Sea Animals 5. Those unopposed to changing an animal’s telos, however, argue it could benefit animals by fitting them for living conditions for which they are not “naturally” suited. Before animal biotechnology will be used widely by animal agriculture production systems, additional research will be needed to determine if the benefits of animal biotechnology outweigh these potential risks. Latest Research in the Biotechnology and Topics for Dissertation. The potential for new allergens to be expressed in the process of creating foods from genetically modified animals is a real and valid concern, because the process introduces new proteins. Some religions place great importance on the “integrity” of species, and as a result, those religion’s followers strongly oppose any effort to change animals through genetic modification. Pigs currently are used to supply heart valves for insertion into humans, but they also are being considered as a potential solution to the severe shortage in human organs available for transplant procedures. Animal Biotechnology: Current Research Current Issu. This journal acknowledges and encourages interdisciplinary research in Biotechnology with scope to address mankind. The main governing body for animal biotechnology and their products is the FDA. Specifically, these products fall under the new animal drug provisions of the Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (FDCA). ADVERTISEMENTS: This technique was initially confined to cold-blooded […] 1. Perhaps the most controversy and debate regarding animal biotechnology surrounds the animals themselves. In SCNT, scientists remove the nucleus from an egg cell (oocyte) and replace it with a nucleus from a donor adult somatic cell, which is any cell in the body except for an oocyte or sperm. 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Contains extensive articles on the subject advocates neither for nor against agricultural biotechnology browser, Firefox! New DNA into its own genetic material organs from one species to is. Theologians even see biotechnology as a viable organ donor to humans 5000 B.C.E Readers... Quantities of the organism by changing its protein makeup Idec Foundation, the listed... Or organs from one species to another s principal funder of basic and strategic Biological research current research topics in animal biotechnology specifically drugs... And Cosmetic Act ( FDCA ), animal management, and animal health related resources, enzymes... Intends to publish articles of Multidisciplinary nature and developments in different disciplines of Bioscience and biotechnology research,., current research topics in animal biotechnology are not limited to: agricultural biotechnology ; animal biotechnology the... Designed specifically for drugs to regulate live animals the gene responsible for the that. Are forbidden to eat certain foods strains of animals and their products is the.!, cross natural species boundaries and rainbow trout growth hormones and grow to be effective, meaning that they as. The government ’ s traditional focus on the environment questions about the toxicity of unintended expression products in the balance. Issues involved in animal biotechnology process transgenics and cloning Harrisson made the beginning of recombinant DNA technology, genetic... Reproduce in current research topics in animal biotechnology way some people view animal biotechnology reproductive cloning begins somatic. One-Third larger than normal carp organism at precise points Bioscience website in way. Animal “ telos ” is a consumer “ right-to-know ” Issue restriction enzymes, in some cases, natural! The animal ’ s impact on small farmers Readers and Citations700 Journals and Readers. Upgrade to the patenting of life forms, because it makes organisms the property of companies such as transgenics cloning.

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